It was till 1866 a landgraviate and electorate of Germany, consisting of several detached masses of territory, to the N.E.
As the capital of the former landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg, the town shared the vicissitudes of that state.
By Christina he had four sons and five daughters, and according to his directions the landgraviate was partitioned at his death between his sons.
Frederick I., the next landgrave (1730-1751), had become by marriage king of Sweden, and on his death was succeeded in the landgraviate by his brother William VIII.
Hesse-Nassau was formed in 1867-1868 out of the territories which accrued to Prussia after the war of 1866, namely, the landgraviate of Hesse-Cassel and the duchy of Nassau, in addition to the greater part of the territory of Frankfort-on-Main, parts of the grand-duchy of Hesse, the territory of Homburg and the countship of HesseHomburg, together with certain small districts which belonged to Bavaria.
On his father's death in 1567 he received one half of Hesse, with Cassel as his capital; and this formed the landgraviate of HesseCassel.
HesseHomburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by Frederick I.
HESSE-HOMBURG, formerly a small landgraviate in Germany.
In 1469 the archduke of Austria, Sigismund, had sold him the county of Ferrette, and the landgraviate of Alsace and some other towns, reserving to himself the right to repurchase.
The small landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg was formed in 1622 from Hesse-Darmstadt.