Order and regularity being indispensable conditions of beauty, it was easy to conceive of the Horae as the goddesses of youthful bloom and grace, inseparably associated with the idea of springtime.
As a student of ancient Teutonic literature Hoffmann von Fallersleben ranks among the most persevering and cultivated of German scholars, some of the chief results of his labours being embodied in his Horae Belgicae, Fundgruben fiir Geschichte deutscher Sprache and Literatur, Altdeutsche Blotter, Spenden zur deutschen Literaturgeschichte and Findlinge.
The Principles was followed in 1790 by his first essay in the field of Christian apologetics, Horae Paulinae, or the Truth of the Scripture History of St Paul evinced by a Comparison of the Epistles which bear his Name with the Acts of the Apostles and with one another, probably the most original of its author's works.
C. Hawkins, Horae Synopticae (Oxford, 1899); Prof. Julius Wellhausen, Eini-eitung in die drei ersten Evangelien (Berlin, 1905), Das Evangelium Marci (1903), Das Ev.
C. Hawkins in Horae Synopticae, 18 99, pp. 143-147).
Evans, Ancient Stone Implements (1897); Horae Ferales, or Studies in the Archaeology of Northern Nations, by Kemble (1863); Gaston C. C. Maspero, Guide du Musee de Boulaq, 296; Scotland in Pagan Times - The Iron Age, by Joseph Anderson (1883).
In honour of the Horae a yearly festival (Horaea) was celebrated, at which protection was sought against the scorching heat and drought, and offerings were made of boiled meat as less insipid and more nutritious than roast.
His published works include (besides several volumes of verse) Homer and the Iliad (1866), maintaining the unity of the poems; Four Phases of Morals: Socrates, Aristotle, Christianity, Utilitarianism (1871); Essay on Self-Culture (1874); Horae Hellenicae (1874); The Language and Literature of the Scottish Highlands (1876); The Natural History of Atheism (1877); The Wise Men of Greece (1877); Lay Sermons (1881); Altavona (1882); The Wisdom of Goethe (1883); The Scottish Highlanders and the Land Laws (1885); Life of Burns (1888); Scottish Song (1889); Essays on Subjects of Moral and Social Interest (1890); Christianity and the Ideal of Humanity (1893).
In later mythology, under Alexandrian influence, the Horae become the four seasons, daughters of Helios and Selene, each represented with the conventional attributes.
C. Hawkins, Horae synopticae (1899); W.