Monk and Deane brought on a general action, in which the Dutch were outmatched, and forced to retreat to their own coast.
In 1653 Deane was with Blake in command at the battle off Portland and later took the most prominent and active part in the refitting of the fleet on the reorganization of the naval service.
This analysis has on the whole been accepted by Harnack, Schi rer, Deane and Beer.
Ii.; and The Deane Papers, in 5 vols., in the New York Historical Society's Collections (1887-1890).
On arriving in Paris, Deane at once opened negotiations with Vergennes and Beaumarchais, securing through the latter the shipment of many vessel loads of arms and munitions of war to America.
John Adams, when he succeeded Deane (recalled from Paris through Lee's machinations) joined in the chorus of fault-finding against Franklin, dilated upon his social habits, his personal slothfulness and his complete lack of business-like system; but Adams soon came to see that, although careless of details, Franklin was doing what no other man could have 1 The house is familiar from the drawing of it by Victor Hugo.
But on the 6th of February 1778, after the news of the defeat and surrender of Burgoyne had reached Europe, a treaty of alliance and a treaty of amity and commerce between France and the United States were signed at Paris by Franklin, Deane and Lee.
Cromwell refused to be thus put out of the way, and Deane followed his example.
In 1778 John Adams sailed for France to supersede Silas Deane in the American commission there.
In October 1776 he was appointed, upon the refusal of Jefferson, on the commission with Franklin and Silas Deane to negotiate a treaty of alliance, amity and commerce with France, and also to negotiate with other European governments.