The celebration is based on the doctrine that the souls of the faithful which at death have not been cleansed from venial sins, or have not atoned for past transgressions, cannot attain the Beatific Vision, and that they may be helped to do so by prayer and by the sacrifice of the mass.
Bloodshed could only be atoned by blood-money or by shedding the blood of the offender or of his family.
This can only be atoned with the original determination by fresh negation in which a new thought-determination is born, which is yet in a sense the old, though enriched, and valid on a higher plane.
It is only in this sense that an evil deed can be atoned for by a good deed.
For instance, it has been held that Christ atoned for man k ind not by enduring the penalty of sin, but by identify views.
These brilliant successes atoned for the disgrace of the convention of Wargaon in 1779, when the Mahrattas dictated terms to a Bombay force, but the war was protracted until 1782.
The extravagance of Frederick drained the resources of his state, but this was amply atoned for by the rigid economy of Frederick William I., who not only paid off the debts accumulated by his father, but amassed an enormous treasure.
This seeming pedantry is, however, atoned for by the clear practical aim of his sermons, the noble ideal he keeps before his hearers, and the skill with which he handles spiritual experience and urges incentives to virtue.
His readiness and skill, his happy instinct for grace of arrangement, atoned for want of originality and real power.
Henry atoned for this by a reign marked by unceasing struggle against the great barons.