But her first steps brought Marie Antoinette into open hostility with the anti-Austrian party.
It was the cardinal Louis de Rohan, formerly ambassador at Vienna, whence he had been recalled in 1774, having incurred the queen's displeasure by revealing to the empress Maria Theresa the frivolous actions of her daughter, a disclosure which brought a maternal reprimand, and for having spoken lightly of Maria Theresa in a letter of which Marie Antoinette learned the contents.
His father was Etienne Pascal, president of the Court of Aids at Clermont; his mother's name was Antoinette Begon.
MARIE ANTOINETTE (1755-1793), queen of France, ninth child of Maria Theresa and the emperor Francis I., was born at Vienna, on the 2nd of November 1755.
At that time there was a personage at the court whom Marie Antoinette particularly detested.
Et le prince de Kaunitz (2 vols., Paris, 1889-1891); for further letters see Comte de Reiset, Lettres de la reine Marie Antoinette a la landgrave Louise de Hesse-Darmstadt (1865); id.
Tourneux, Marie Antoinette devant l'histoire.
His demonstration that letters attributed to Marie Antoinette were not genuine roused much interest in France.
Belloc's Marie Antoinette (London, 1909) is very biassed and sometimes misleading.
During all these events and the captivity in the Temple Marie Antoinette showed an unvarying courage and dignity, in spite of her failing health and the illness of her son.