At some time previous to the discovery of America, Ancon had a large aboriginal population.
The most northern of these bays is the Ancon de Sardinas, lying south of the Mira delta.
Arica was captured, looted and burned by the Chileans in 1880, and in accordance with the terms of the treaty of Ancon (1883) should have been returned to Peru in 1894, but this was not done.
Is built on a rocky peninsula jutting out to the east, near the mouth of the Rio Grande and at the foot of Mt Ancon (560 ft.).
On the coast, the Ancon de Sardinas bay is so named from the multitude of small fish (sardinas) which inhabit its waters.
In modern times Ancon has been the scene of several important historical events.
Stiibel (see Reiss and Sti bel's The Necropolis of AncOn in Peru, translated by A.