A husbandman a peasant a rustic esp a clownish or unrefined countryman
- a crude uncouth ill-bred individual lacking tradition or refinement
- A husbandman; a peasant; a rustic; esp. a clownish or unrefined countryman.
- A Dutch, German, or Russian peasant; esp. a Dutch colonist in South Africa, Guiana, etc.: a boer.
- A rude ill-bred person; one that is clownish in manners.
13c., from Old French bovier "herdsman," from Latin bovis, genitive of bos "cow, ox." Re-introduced 16c. from Dutch boer, from Middle Dutch gheboer "fellow dweller," from Proto-Germanic *buram "dweller," especially "farmer," from PIE *bhu-, from root *bheue- (see be). Initial meaning had been "peasant farmer" (compare German Bauer, Dutch boer, Danish bonde), plus English it absolutely was initially applied to agricultural laborers in or off their lands, as opposed to the native yeoman; unfavorable connotation attested by 1560s (in boorish), from notion of clownish rustics. Associated: Boorishness.
(letter.) A husbandman; a peasant; a rustic; esp. a clownish or unrefined countryman.
- (n.) A Dutch, German, or Russian peasant; esp. a Dutch colonist in Southern Africa, Guiana, etc.: a boer.
- (letter.) A rude ill-bred individual; one that is clownish in ways.
P. Migne, Patrologia Graeca, c.; edition of the compendia and life by C. de Boor (1880, Teubner series); see also F.