an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
1.the idea that responses are set by reward or punishment. the mind is left out with this concept. 2. encouraging through wages and rewards.
coined 1913 by U.S. psychologist John B. Watson (1878-1958) from behavior + -ism. Behaviorist is through the exact same time.
the analysis of observable behavior, reaction to stimuli and unbiased factors. (recreation: Sports Psychology)
1. General: method of psychology in line with the belief that all human activities and reactions may be explained when it comes to reflexes conditioned by incentive and discipline (carrot and stick). Drawing mainly regarding works associated with the US psychologists John B. Watson (1878-1958) and S. F. Skinner (1904-90), it regards unambiguously observable and measurable behavior due to the fact just basis for clinical psychological research, and ignores consciousness and introspection. 2. Human resource management: program of philosophy upon which the rehearse of staff member inspiration through wage alongside bonuses is dependent.
The contemporary United states class of therapy which abandons the principles of mind and consciousness, and restricts both animal and individual psychology into research of behavior. The impetus to behaviorism was handed by the Russian physiologist, Pavlov, whom through their investigation associated with salivary response in puppies, created the thought of the trained reflex. See Conditioned Reflex. The president of United States behaviorism is J.B. Watson, whom formulated an application for psychology excluding all mention of the consciousness and confining it self to behavioral responses. (Behavior: An Introduction to Comparative mindset, 1914.) Thinking and feeling are translated as implicit behavior: the former is implicit or subvocal message; the latter implicit visceral responses. A distinction has been attracted between methodological and dogmatic behaviorism: the previous ignores "consciousness" and advocates, in psychology, the aim research of behavior; the latter denies awareness entirely, and is, consequently, a form of metaphysical materialism. See Automatism. -- L.W.