Workplace discrimination centered on a worker's "association" with another specific, which comes within a protected category (e.g., sex, competition, religion) or who has involved with protected activity (e.g., whistle-blowing). In Holcomb v. Iona Coll., 521 F.2d 130 (2d Cir. 2008), a Caucasian former assistant basketball mentor alleged that he had been terminated because their partner ended up being African-American. The U.S. Court of Appeals in New York concurred that this allegation ended up being adequate to convey a claim of "associational" discrimination under Title VII of this civil-rights Act of 1964. The courtroom stated: "Where a worker is subjected to unpleasant activity because a manager disapproves of interracial relationship, the staff member suffers discrimination because of the staff member's own competition."