- an extremely large mountain especially inside plural the best string of hills in European countries containing the lofty mountains of Switzerland etc
- any high hill
- a tremendously high mountain. Particularly, in plural, the best string of mountains in European countries, containing the lofty mountains of Switzerland, an such like.
- Fig.: Something lofty, or huge, or very hard to-be surmounted.
- A bullfinch.
1590s, "any high, snow-capped hill," from Alps, from French Alpes, from Latin Alpes "the Alps," maybe from altus "high," or albus "white" or from a Celtic term (in accordance with Servius), or a pre-Indo-European root. Alps, the European mountain range, attested by that title in English from 1550s.
- shieling [Scot.]
(letter.) A rather high mountain. Especially, in plural, the best string of hills in European countries, containing the lofty hills of Switzerland, an such like.
- (letter.) Fig.: One thing lofty, or huge, or very difficult becoming surmounted.
- (n.) A bullfinch.
By Alp Arslan, 1071, Armenia formed part of the Seljuk empire until it split up, 1157, into petty states, ruled by Arabs, Kurds and Seljuks, who were in turn swept away by the Mongol invasion, 1235.