In Roman law, A diminishing or abridgment of character. Tills had been a loss or curtailment of a guy's status or aggregate of appropriate qualities and qualifications, after upon particular changes in his civil condition. It absolutely was of three kinds, enumerated below: Capitis diminutio maxima. The best or many comprehensive loss in condition. This took place when a man's problem had been changed from 1 of freedom to 1 of bondage, as he became a slave. It swept away along with it all legal rights of citizenship and all family liberties. Capitis diminutio media. An inferior or medium lack of condition. This took place in which a person lost his rights of citizenship, but without losing his liberty. It caught up also the household rights. Capitis diminutio minima. Tile cheapest or the very least extensive level of loss in condition. This occurred where a man's relatives alone were changed. It simply happened upon the arrogation of somebody who had been his own master, (sui juris,) or upon the emancipation of 1 who had previously been underneath the patria potestas. It left the rights of freedom and citizenship unaltered. See Inst. 1, 1G, pr.; 1, 2, 3; Dig. 4, 5, 11; Mackeld. Rom. Legislation.
By the commission of crime, breach of contract, or other disgraceful or injurious conduct, Einechlan was diminished or destroyed, a capitis diminutio occurred, apart from any other punishment.