Inflammation of the urinary bladder. Also known as cystitis. Is considering infection from micro-organisms that ascend the urethra towards kidney and for unknown reasons, including with interstitial cystitis. Symptoms include a frequent want to urinate, frequently accompanied by a burning sensation. As bladder inflammation progresses, bloodstream is seen in the urine while the patient may experience cramps after urination. In small children, tries to avoid the pain of cystitis can be a cause for daytime wetting (enuresis). Treatment includes preventing irritants, such as for example perfumed soaps, near the urethral orifice; increased substance consumption; and, for infectious cystitis, antibiotics. Untreated bladder irritation may cause scar tissue formation additionally the development of rocks when urine is retained for very long amounts of time to avoid painful urination.