in municipal and common law. An individual action. The normal term for this particular action into the civil law is actio in personam, (q. v.,) the phrase personalis being of just occasional occurrence. Inst. 4, 6, 8, in tit.; Id. 4, 11, pr. 1. Bracton, however, uses It freely, and therefore the private activity regarding the common-law. Bract, fols. 102o, 1596. See PRIVATE ACTION.