meaning of -ty

-ty meaning in Etymology Dictionary

suffix representing "ten" in cardinal numbers that are multiples of 10 (sixty, seventy, etc.), from Old English -tig, from a Germanic root (cognates: Old Saxon, Dutch -tig, Old Frisian -tich, Old Norse -tigr, Old tall German -zug, German -zig) that existed as a definite word in Gothic (tigjus) and Old Norse (tigir) meaning "tens, years." Compare tithe (n.). English, like many other Germanic languages, maintains traces of a base-12 number system. The obvious example is eleven and twelve which should be the first two variety of the "teens" series. Their particular Old English types, enleofan and twel(eo)f(an), tend to be more transparent: "leave one" and "leave two." Old English additionally had hund endleofantig for "110" and hund twelftig for "120." A hundred had been hund teantig. The -tig development went through 12 cycles, and could have bequeathed us numbers *eleventy ("110") and *twelfty ("120") had it endured, but already through the Anglo-Saxon duration it was becoming obscured. Old Norse utilized hundra

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  • suffix utilized in creating abstract nouns from adjectives (eg safety, surety), center English -tie, -te, from Old French -te (contemporary French -t