suffix forming nouns, originally from French and representing Latin -mentum, which was included with verb stems often to portray the result or item regarding the activity. French inserts an -e- between your spoken root plus the suffix (like in commenc-e-ment from commenc-er; with verbs in ir, -i- is placed alternatively (as in sent-i-ment from sentir). Used with English verb is due to 16c. (for example merriment, which illustrates the practice of turning -y to -i- before this suffix).
A suffix denoting whatever does something; an act or process; caused by an act or process; state or problem; because, aliment, that which nourishes, decoration, increment; fragment, piece broken, portion; abridgment, act of abridging, imprisonment, movement, adjournment; amazement, condition of being amazed, astonishment.
A suffix denoting whatever does something; an act or procedure; the result of an act or procedure; condition or problem; as, aliment, what nourishes, ornament, increment; fragment, piece broken, segment; abridgment, work of abridging, imprisonment, action, adjournment; amazement, state to be astonished, astonishment.