meaning of -ing

-ing meaning in Etymology Dictionary

suffix attached to verbs to mean their particular action, outcome, item, product, etc., from Old English -ing, -ung, from Proto-Germanic *unga (cognates: Old Norse -ing, Dutch -ing, German -ung). Originally used to develop nouns from verbs and denote completed or habitual action. Its usage was greatly expanded in Middle and contemporary English.

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  • suffix used form today's participle of verbs, from Old English -ende (cognates: German -end, Gothic -and, Sanskrit -ant, Greek -on, Latin -ans). It evolved into -ing in 13c.-14c.

-ing meaning in General Dictionary

A suffix regularly from current participles; since, singing, playing.

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  • A suffix familiar with develop nouns from verbs, and signifying the act of; caused by the act; since, driving, dying, feeling. It has additionally a additional collective power; since, shipping, garments.
  • A suffix previously always form diminutives; as, lording, farthing.

-ing meaning in General Dictionary

A suffix always from present participles; since, singing, playing.

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  • A suffix always form nouns from verbs, and signifying the act of; the consequence of the act; as, operating, dying, feeling. It has also another collective force; because, shipping, garments.
  • A suffix previously always develop diminutives; since, lording, farthing.